Author(s): Fotini Christia, Tugba Bozcaga, Constantinos Daskalakis, Elizabeth Harwood, Christos Papadimitriou 

Status/Format: Published

Date: 2019

Publication Type: Report

Publisher: Guide to Mobile Data Analytics in Refugee Scenarios

Page Numbers: 223 - 250

Editor(s): Albert Ali Salah, Alex Pentland, Bruno Lepri, Emmanuel Letouzé

Syrian Refugee Integration in Turkey: Evidence from Call Detail Records



Over the past seven years, the needs of the three and a half million Syrian refugees have shifted from emergency response to programs focused on their integration. Using D4R call detail records (CDRs), this report focuses on questions derived from the academic literature on refugee integration and explores whether and how local characteristics and service provision affect refugee integration. Unlike existing studies, we address multiple factors in a single analysis, accounting for potential confoundedness between different factors that might otherwise bias results. Our analysis supplements D4R with an array of original data sources related to refugee integration and service provision and employs linear regression and regularization techniques. We find that social integration is affected by multiple socioeconomic, welfare and geography-related factors such as economic activity, availability of health facilities and charity foundations, network centrality, and district location. In terms of mobility, long-term over-time movement of refugees appears to be motivated by the availability of scarce welfare resources such as health clinics, as well as economic activity and the availability of religious facilities in a district. Our results suggest that policy makers concerned with social integration of refugees must readily take into account the role of service provision in that process.